Electrical Wiring: The Essential Notions

The distribution of electrical power is provided by cables which run from the distribution board to the electrical outlets, lighting points, the water heater, etc. The power is distributed by cables which consist of several electrical wires grouped together within the same protective sheath. This post provides you with all the information you need to know about cables, sheaths, and wires.


– Electric current: the essential notions
– Electric cables and wires
– The colour of the wires
– What to do if you are not sure of the colour of the wires?
– Electrical sheaths

Electric current: the essential notions

Electricity is a complex energy. In your electrical installation, there are two types of current with different uses: high and low current.

High current supplies your electrical appliances and lighting

Weak current, on the other hand, carries information in the form of weak electrical impulses. It is used to operate your television, telephony, Internet, alarm… These two currents must be separated by ducts. This post helps you to better understand how an electrical circuit works.

Electric cables and wires

The distribution of electric power is ensured by the cables. This post gives you the basics you need to know about the electrical wiring of an installation.

Cables differ in cross-section and colour. There are three types of cross-sections. The thicker the cable, the more current it allows to pass through.

To differentiate them, electrical cables have colours. This colour code is standardized so that you or any electrician can troubleshoot or modify the installation.

Good to know: think about cable management to hide and protect your electrical cables.

Before handling an electrical installation, it is imperative to know the colour code associated with the various electrical wires. It is the NF C 15-100 which aims to define all the rules concerning electricity for the domestic habitat, and thus the colour standards for electrical wires.

The colour of electrical wires

Electrical Wiring: The Essential Notions

Mandatory colours

Since 1970, the NF C 15-100 standard has defined the compulsory colours for certain types of conductors: the protective conductor (earth) and the neutral conductor.

These are the only two compulsory colours for the domestic and tertiary sectors.

The double colour green and yellow will be reserved exclusively for the earth conductor and the protective conductor in the cables.
The light blue colour is reserved exclusively for the neutral conductor.

Colour usage

For other conductors such as phase, lamp return, shuttles and pushers, there is no obligation mentioned in the standard, but the usage is as follows:

– red colour: for the phase conductor;
– colour orange: for the lamp return (the phase wire after the switch is switched off);
– purple: for shuttles;
– black or white: for the push-buttons.

Each company or craftsman will use its own colour code, but it will generally resemble the one described above.

Colours before 1970

Attention, for older installations, the colours are different:

– for the phase: a green or a yellow wire;
– for the neutral conductor: grey or white;
– for the earth conductor: red or black.

Moreover, before 1969, the earth conductor was not compulsory or even non-existent.

What to do if you are not sure of the colour of the wires?

Electrical Wiring: The Essential Notions

There is a technique to know, even in the absence of certain colours, which are the phase, earth and neutral wires on a socket circuit. Using a multimeter, perform the following checks:

First, find a direct ground connection to which you can connect a long wire for testing.

Turn off your general circuit breaker to be sure to isolate the circuit to be tested, but especially to be sure to disconnect the neutral. More than 35 years ago, the neutral conductors in a panel were common and grouped together on the same strip and, therefore, not cut when the circuit protection was opened.

Set your multimeter to the “Ohms” or “continuity test” position and connect one of the cords to the wire that is grounded. Using the other cord, test all three wires in the circuit: normally, only one should cause your multi-meter to react. This wire will be the ground, and you will need to tape it with green/yellow tape.

Let’s now look for the phase and neutral, which will now be live: so be careful. There is danger. Your multi-meter, always connected to earth, must be set to a higher rating than 230 V AC. On one of the wires, you should have 230 V: this will be the phase; on the other wire, 0 V: will be neutral.

Ring the phase in red and the neutral in blue.

Warning: if you have any doubts, it is advisable to call a professional who will be better able to test your circuits.

Electrical sheaths

Electrical Wiring: The Essential Notions

To ensure the electrical safety of your installation, the electrical wiring must be protected by a sheath. The electrical sheath is the most commonly used to protect electrical wires. It is a corrugated, insulated conduit used to group different wires together and embed them in a wall.

Presented in the form of a crown, it can be cut to the desired size. A wire puller makes it easier to pass electrical wires through.

This type of sheath exists in different diameters: 16 mm, 20 mm, 32 mm, etc.

Good to know: always provide an electrical sheath that is wider than you need it to be immediately so that you can later allow the passage of the wires needed to create a new circuit.

Housing Technical Sheath

Electrical Wiring: The Essential Notions

The housing technical duct is mandatory in all new housing. It gathers in a single location the arrivals of strong currents (electricity) and weak currents (communication).

This electrical duct must be located indoors or in the garage, or in an easily accessible annex.

It must contain various elements:

– control panel;

– main distribution board;

– communication box;

– two 16 A socket outlets;

– communication applications (television, etc.).

and possibly:

– anti-intrusion protection;

– home automation.

The housing duct can be surface, flush or semi-recessed.

If you are looking for complete residential electrical services, you can get in touch with Eccles Electrical Contractors. They are a team of licensed electricians providing general electrical services to residential, commercial, and industrial clients throughout North Melbourne, Flemington & Kensington VIC, thereby ensuring all work is carried out to the highest standards.

Vending machines can be found just about everywhere these days. There are vending machines in companies, schools, etc. There are vending machines for hot drinks, sweets, snacks, etc. In addition, if you are still trying to figure out the profitability of the vending machine and want to avoid spending money for nothing, you should know that there are companies that offer rental. This is also an exciting option since the rental contract usually includes the maintenance of the machine.

You can also ask for a quote from companies offering the sale and rental of vending machines to be more confident on the subject. They will also inform you about the regulations governing these machines. Indeed, you should know that there are authorized and prohibited products with vending machines. Find out more about this topic in this article.

Vending Machines: What Are the Regulations?

The regulations governing all types of vending machines are the same. Please note that not all products are allowed. According to article L13 of the Code of Drinking Places and Alcohol Measurements, alcoholic beverages are not allowed in vending machines. Since 2004, the installation of vending machines is also prohibited in schools. This measure was taken in the name of the fight against child obesity. Indeed, this phenomenon has become a scourge and affects more children between 6 and 12 years. There are several reasons for this, including medical causes. However, it is clear that diet and a sedentary lifestyle are the main factors. The proliferation of food-trucks and ready-made meals has also made the situation worse. In any case, when it comes to the distribution of canned or bottled beverages and foodstuffs, a prior declaration must be made to the local customs and veterinary services. In the case of vending machines installed in public places, the law also requires that they be accessible to disabled persons. The location must facilitate the movement of a wheelchair and the controls must comply.

What About Health Regulations?

The installation and use of a vending machine are governed by stringent health and hygiene regulations. The machine parts that are in direct contact with the food must therefore be cleaned and well-maintained to avoid the appearance of microbes and insects. This is why they are made of smooth, washable materials and, consequently, easy to clean. The hot beverage dispensers must also be equipped with a device that allows the placement of clean individual cups and used ones. The foodstuffs distributed are also governed by hygiene rules (handling, packaging, storage, etc.).

Rent or Buy: Which Option Is Better?

You want to install a vending machine in your company but are unsure if you should buy or rent one? From an economic point of view, renting is a very interesting option. It will save you money, especially if you are still determining the profitability of this project. By renting a vending machine, you only have to pay a monthly fee, the amount of which varies according to the merchandise to be distributed and the machine’s capacity. In addition, maintenance is usually included in the contract. The devices are also renewed at least every 3 years. When renting, you have two options: either manage the AD yourself or entrust it to a service provider.

Do you want to make your store visible and make customers want to come in? To do so, there is one of the most popular merchandising techniques to know before you start. We guide you in this post to enhance your storefront and arrange your store well. 


    – Illuminated window: an undeniable asset for your products

    – Several types of lighting for the illuminated window

    – Illuminated window: which window lights?

The illuminated display case is optimal support for the presentation of a store’s products, whatever they are. 

Illuminated display case: an undeniable asset for your products

Illuminated Window Displays

Lighting is the most crucial element in presenting your products in the window. Lighting, more than decoration, is necessary to attract the customer’s attention. It contributes enormously to the seductive power of your storefront.

Window lighting must be adequate, attractive and subtle: it helps guide the customer’s gaze to where you want to attract his attention.

A lit window has several advantages:

    – show that you exist and that you are open,

    – to highlight a product, a service or a commercial offer,

    – create a warm and welcoming atmosphere,

    – make the customer want to buy,

    – stand out from the competition.

Several types of lighting for the illuminated window

Illuminated Window Displays

Depending on the type of products presented in the window and your decoration, the kind of lighting will be different.

It is up to you to create harmony, a warm atmosphere that fits perfectly with the image you wish to convey.

Bulbs, lighting equipment, fixtures, technologies of variation of their colour and their light power offer many possibilities to create luminous settings:

    – LED lighting: for optimal colour rendering, dynamic display and low energy consumption,

    – Neon lighting: for powerful lighting of your sign and shop window.

Display window lighting: which window lights?

Illuminated Window Displays

Many models of lamps exist, among the most used by retailers for their windows:

    – spotlights and spotlights on rails,

    – recessed spotlights,

    – suspended lights,

    – wall lights,

    – bell lamps, etc.

The choice of the lighting of your shop window is made according to the:

    – the type of lighting (LED or neon),

    – the product to be illuminated,

    – its aestheticism,

    – the effects you are looking for,

    – the visual comfort you wish to obtain.

Price of a lighted display case: Affordable

Illuminated Window Displays

The price of a lighted display case depends mainly on the following:

    – the type of lighting: LED or neon,

    – the light fixture: spotlight, wall light, suspension, etc.

Thus, depending on these elements, only a LED & Neon specialist like AUS LED & Neon Wholesalers in Campbellfield can help you with a budget for a LED wall light, LED spotlight, or any other lighting decorations.

Below we have gathered a list of publications for your interest in lighting your business in the best way possible. Do you want to read about something more specific to your type of lighting? Tell us more about your query, and we’ll get back to you as soon as possible. Please remember to jot down a few words in the comments below, and let us know about your experience if you call on the specialist mentioned above.

Illuminated Window Displays

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Learning a new culture, finding one’s bearings in a foreign country, finding the right balance between adapting to a different environment and maintaining one’s original identity… Successfully integrating into the host country is one of the main challenges of expatriation. According to the 2011 report of the Expatriation Observatory, 83% of expatriates believe that understanding the country’s culture is the main factor in successful mobility. So, without further ado, let’s dive into this blog and learn some of the things you need to know about migrating to a foreign country.

1. Learn the language of the country


Whether you leave with a near-total lack of knowledge of the local language or with only a few rudiments, you will inevitably be confronted with the language barrier. While knowing English allows you to “get by” in many non-English speaking countries, you will not be successful in the long run. Beyond the simple, practical aspect, mastering the language of the country of expatriation is an undeniable vector of integration. Efforts to express yourself in a language that is not your own will also change the way you are perceived and even welcomed abroad.

Learning the language can begin well before the expatriation, but it can be done once you are there, in immersion. You will learn a lot on the job, but if you are a complete beginner, it is recommended that you take a few courses. Everyone has their methods for learning, improving, or becoming bilingual: taking intensive courses, watching television and reading the local press, participating in group activities, joining a language exchange club…

2. Explore the country, your city, and your neighborhood

What if you had to get lost for a while to really discover a new place? To feel at home in your new country, it’s not enough to have memorized your home-office itinerary or to have visited the must-see monuments, as a tourist would. Getting off the beaten track by gradually moving away from the main tourist routes, exploring the city in the company of friends or expatriates who have been there for a long time, organizing a road trip: to understand the specificities of a country, to find your favorite addresses and to unearth little corners of paradise, you must venture out.

3. Adopt the local way of life


As soon as you set foot in Thailand, you rush to a specialized supermarket to find the products you used to eat in your home country. Expatriate in the United States for a few months, you watch mostly foreign TV channels that are familiar to you, you are very interested in the ex-pat community, and you spend hours on Skype… If this way of working can be reassuring at first, it does not facilitate your integration into your adopted country.

To immerse yourself in a culture, you must live and experience it by freeing yourself from prejudices. Curiosity becomes your best ally. Get away from your circle of ex-pat friends from time to time, taste local food, attend cultural events, and become familiar with different codes of politeness… In other words, accept to be surprised. The goal is not to become someone else and adhere to all the local habits but to discover the culture of the country you are living in.

4. Build a social life

Is the ability to make contacts with both locals and other expatriates a determining factor in the success of an expatriation? A newcomer may learn as much from both sides. Getting to know expatriates who already have some experience in the country will not only help you avoid isolation upon your arrival but will also provide you with a lot of practical advice: how to open a bank account, recommended doctors, how the health system works and how to choose an expatriate insurance, schools, work permit renewal… Find expatriate networks and associations and… exchange!

After the beginning of the expatriation, it is by establishing links with locals that you will increase your knowledge of the country and reinforce a sense of belonging. Depending on the country, it is more or less difficult to meet the local population, but seize every opportunity: club activities, school outings, professional environment, CouchSurfing, friends of friends…

5. Maintain ties with your home country


Expatriation certainly transforms the way you look at your own country, but integrating is not synonymous with abandoning your culture of origin. Rather, the challenge is to build a kind of dual culture. Therefore, it is best to maintain contact with friends and family that you have often temporarily left behind. Chatting via social networks, exchanging emails, returning to your country of origin from time to time… These are all steps that can also help reduce the shock of returning from expatriation.

Looking for help?

Do you want to immigrate to Canada? Then look no further than Arrivals Canada Immigration. They help people from all over the world successfully navigate the Canadian Immigration process. If you’re interested in applying for Canadian Citizenship today. They are well established Immigration firm that serves individuals and families who need assistance with immigration services.

Arrivals Canada Immigration has the knowledge and expertise to guide you on the right path to apply for Canadian immigration. They are known for their way of paying attention to small details. Their system works to ensure applicants have the smoothest possible immigration process in Canada. So what are you waiting for? Get in touch with them today and make your immigration dreams a reality.

 From the flag sign to the wall sign, via the roof or floor sign, the choice of the letter of the sign is as important as the content of the message you wish to convey.

 Sign lettering: definition

 The lettering of a sign refers to all the letters and logos that make up the sign.

 The choice of lettering is essential because it is a way of standing out from your competitors to convey your image and attract the customer’s attention to your business.

 Each letter sign technique will use different materials and accessories depending on the following:

 – the shapes, the design;

 – the graphics, the choice of colours;

 – the type of lighting, the volume.

 The different types of sign letter

 Depending on your needs, there are several models of sign letters.

 – The box letter sign, which designates all the letters in relief:

 ◦ These 3D letters can be backlit by LED or neon of different aspects, materials and thicknesses.

 ◦ In stainless steel, for the most prestigious, they allow a neat display.

 – The cut-out sign letter:

 ◦ The letters are cut out of materials such as aluminium, adhesive or PVC. They are applied directly to your storefront or glued to a lighted device (box).

 ◦ They can then be lacquered and covered with an adhesive; they are non-illuminated but can be backlit.

 – The letter sign bathtub:

 ◦ This term refers to hollow letters that can take on various shapes and sizes.

 ◦ They are illuminated by neon lights hidden in the hollow part of the letter.

 – The letter signs in relief:

 ◦ Letters of this type are used to give volume to your sign. They can be of different volumes and thicknesses.

 ◦ A lighted or backlit device can illuminate them.

 – The letter adhesive sign refers to all the letters cut out of adhesive and stuck on an advertising device.

 Like the flag sign, the letter sign, the ground sign or the roof sign, the applique sign is one of the most used identification and communication media in the field of signage.

 What is a wall sign?

Wall Sign

 A fascia sign is a sign that is placed flat against the wall of a building or on the front of a business to identify and promote the business.

 The applique sign, like the flag sign, allows

 – to quickly identify the type of business or company;

 – to enhance the image of a business.

 Location of the wall sign

 The wall sign is visible when you are in front of the building.

 The traditional location of the wall sign is above the window. It can be made up of 2 types of letter signs

 – separate letters sealed into the wall;

 – letters fixed to a box.

 Constraints to be respected

 The Environmental Code specifies the rules to be respected in terms of outdoor advertising. It provides a few details concerning surface-mounted signs:

 – They must be affixed to stay within the limits of the wall on which they are applied.

 – They can be installed on an awning, a balcony or in front of a bay if they are within the limit of the wall.

 Why install a wall sign?

 In addition to being an integral part of the décor of a storefront, the purpose of a wall sign is generally to

 – to indicate the name of the trade or business;

 – to provide information on the activity carried out;

 – to provide information on the products and services offered.

 The advantages of this type of sign

 Surface-mounted signs offer many advantages, such as

 – its adaptation to all types of shop fronts;

 – the choice between an illuminated or non-illuminated model;

 – quick, eye-catching;

 – high visibility and legibility.

And that’s it for the wall sign. Hopefully, this article has provided you with enough information on What is a wall sign? Remember to leave us your comments in the section below.


Aluminium is an exceptional material because of its many advantages. It is prevalent in the construction, infrastructure and transport sectors due to its long life, low maintenance and contribution to energy efficiency, to name a few!


Aluminium is highly resistant to corrosion and can be used for low-maintenance structures. However, selecting the correct alloys and joining methods is vital to ensure maximum durability.


Aluminium Die Casting

A solid oxide layer is naturally created on the surface of aluminium when it comes into contact with air. This natural passivation acts as a barrier between the atmosphere and the aluminium, which protects aluminium alloys from corrosion.


Aluminium is easy to work with metal. Its relatively low melting temperature makes it advantageous for foundry operations. In addition, aluminium is a ductile metal. This makes it an easy metal to roll, forge, extrude and for all other plastic deformation processes. The material can be cut into three-dimensional shapes, formed, welded, screwed, etc. In addition, extrusions can be custom-made to the designer’s design at a reasonable cost or purchased from distributors who maintain inventories of standard extruded profiles.

Like rolling, cold forming improves the mechanical characteristics of aluminium and offers a high-quality surface finish.


Aluminium Die Casting

Aluminium is fully and infinitely recyclable, making it environmentally friendly. Its life cycle is an infinite loop. In addition, recycling aluminium is relatively simple and requires only 5% of the energy of the actual electrolysis production process. It is estimated that 75% of the aluminium produced since the discovery of the electrolysis process is still in circulation and reused or recycled.


Aluminium Die Casting

Aluminium is a preferred alternative for reducing the mass of structures. Aluminium allows for a lower tare load, which increases the payload, a significant advantage in the transport market. The density of aluminium is about three times less than that of steel. It is possible to have aluminium alloys with a similar yield and ultimate strength to commercial steels. It should be noted, however, that the modulus of elasticity of aluminium is also three times smaller than steel’s, hence the need to consider all properties when designing a structure.


Aluminium Die Casting

Aluminium requires little maintenance, which translates into lower maintenance costs in the long term. No preventive measures are needed to preserve its characteristics. In short, aluminium requires minimal investment and has a maximum economic and social impact.

Compared to steel, the price per kilogram of aluminium is higher. On the other hand, the optimisation of aluminium profiles obtained by extrusion allows for shapes that, in some cases, can withstand similar forces while being lighter. The lighter structures result in lower labour costs for the project assembly. An aluminium extrusion can be unpainted and modular.

In addition, you should consider the total cost of ownership as aluminium is more advantageous in the long term. It requires less maintenance, and you can sell it for much more than steel at the end of its life.

In an interview in Aluminium 101 magazine, Benoît Comeau of Panfab Industries says they can offer aluminium panels at the same price as steel panels. Michel Guillot, a professor at Laval University, says that people overestimate the cost by wanting to do in aluminium what they do in steel. Jean Simard of the Aluminium Association of Canada says that we need to design with the characteristics of aluminium and not use it as a substitute for steel.


Aluminium Die Casting

Aluminium is a good conductor of both electricity and heat. Aluminium is a high-voltage electrical wire because of its conductivity-to-density ratio. It is also ubiquitous to use aluminium in heat transfer systems such as air conditioning heat exchangers, automotive radiators, etc.


Aluminium Die Casting

Aluminium is adapted to the application and the forming process. By using aluminium in alloy form, an increase in strength is obtained, making aluminium suitable for structural applications. For some alloys, it can be increased by cold working. Generally, if an extruded profile is required, such as mullions used in curtain wall design, the more extrudable 6000 series alloys will be used. In facades, the aluminium cladding is designed from sheet metal.

Therefore, if you are looking for Aluminium Die Casting, Gravity Die Casting, Low-Pressure Die Casting, Sand Casting, and Casting Porosity Sealing & Impregnation for the particular purpose of your business, Alliance Connect can help you out. They are accredited to ISO9001 quality standards, which cover national and international markets, serving a broad range of industries, including automotive, industrial, mining, government, defence, marine, municipalities and the arts.


When you light the oven, you’ve probably already decided on the dish you want to cook or the basic ingredients you want to use carefully. But do you also know the story behind those dishes and ingredients? We have compiled a number of fun and interesting food facts for you. So that you not only continue to serve the best dishes to your guests, but also talk to them about their history and other fun facts.

1.The Pasta Shape

Do you choose the shape of pasta based on what you always buy, or do you prefer different types for variety? Each pasta shape has its function and the differences are greater than you think. However, always keep in mind that the shape of the pasta is to allow it to absorb the sauce. Hollow types of pasta, such as penne, paccheri or bucatini, are for thick sauces, while flat or thin types of pasta are generally used for thinner sauces. For smooth sauces, a smooth or slightly ribbed type of pasta is best, and for thicker sauces, pasta types with substantial grooves or strongly curved shapes are best.

There are at least 300 different types of pasta with about 600 names. Because it happens that a certain variety has several names. But there is a certain logic. Mostly, they are literal translations. For example, orecchiette means little ears and conchiglie means shells. Rigate means fluted. Penne Rigate are therefore hollow tubes with a fluted shape. If the name of the pasta ends with “-ini” or “-ette”, it is a smaller variant. The types of pasta ending with “-oni” correspond to a large type of pasta.

2.The Hamburger’s Origin

When it comes to hamburgers, there is often a reference to the United States. The thick, round slices of ground beef are a true American barbecue classic, but that’s not where the hamburger originated. Rumor has it that the history of the hamburger begins in the 13th century in the Mongol Empire. There, Mongolian warriors would put pieces of beef under their horse’s saddle to make the meat more tender; the result was raw beef. This is how it is believed that raw beef arrived in Western Europe. Whether this is true remains to be seen…

However, it is certain that it was the German city of Hamburg that came up with the idea of heating this slice of ground meat. German immigrants introduced the hamburger to the United States, where the meat was first sold as a steak, then served with a bun. It was in this form that the hamburger took over the world. The other toppings on the burger can be varied endlessly.

3.The Red Gold

Saffron, made from the pistils of the saffron crocus, is the most expensive spice in the world. That’s why it’s also called red gold. The pistils are the top part of the pin and each crocus has three pistils. For 1 g of saffron, a total of about 150 saffron crocuses are needed, all of which are harvested by hand! This explains the exclusivity of the product. Fortunately, you don’t need a lot of saffron to add the taste, color and aroma of this fantastic spice to a dish, such as a good paella.


Originally, pizza was mainly a dish for the poor population of Italy. Until the Italian Raffaele Esposito, the most famous pizza maker in Naples, at the end of the 19th century, was invited by the then King of Italy and his wife Margherita to come and cook this specialty at the palace. Especially for this occasion, he created a pizza with red, white and green colors, the same as the Italian flag; with tomato sauce, mozzarella and basil. The queen loved this pizza and so began the pizza success story, with the Margherita pizza, named after the queen, at the forefront. Pizza was no longer just a meal for the less fortunate in the population. From that moment on, almost everyone had taken pizza to heart.

There you are, now you know some interesting facts about food and their origin. Are you in the mood for a delicious pizza? Check out Table 55 in Seaford.





Recruiting committees, phone, and in-person interviews, tests, and other selection methods are not always enough to prevent employers and recruiters from making poor decisions. Finding the perfect employee is sometimes like looking for a needle in a haystack. You may want to hire someone without doing your due diligence and background checks.

What are you going to do, however, if your candidate turns out to be a completely different person than the one you met during the interview and recruitment process? Bad employees exist, and you need to find them before hiring them. So, without further ado, let’s dive into this blog and learn some of the things you need to know about background checks.

1. The price of a bad employee


According to HR.com, 53% of job applications contain untruthful information, while 34% contain outright fabrications about the candidate’s experience, education, and basic job skills. Some of the lies that can appear on a resume include inflating titles and responsibilities, falsifying education, exaggerating salary, misrepresenting dates and nature of employment, and claiming to have a work permit in a certain country when they do not.

Bradford Smart states in his digital book, Topgrading 201: How to Avoid Costly Mis-Hires, that a bad employee costs his or her employer, on average, four times his or her annual salary for supervisors and up to fifteen times his or her annual salary for senior executives.

These costs rise even higher if the employee is guilty of workplace fraud. Bad hiring decisions are very dangerous. Our white paper, Screen Now, Save Later explores this danger and how to protect yourself from it through the implementation of a proper background check policy.

2. Don’t get the person wrong when hiring

The repercussions of hiring the wrong employee can reverberate throughout the company, damaging its reputation, the morale of its employees, and even its financial assets. Here are two reasons to be wary of candidates whose professional appearance may be misleading:

1. Fraudulent resumes- According to SHRM, 78% of candidates have misleading resumes. Of these candidates, 21% claim to have degrees they do not hold, and 40% inflate their salaries. It is recommended as a best practice to establish a job confirmation and reference interview program that is equally applicable to all applicants, regardless of the size of the position.

2. Criminal Records and Behavioural Issues- Behavioural issues demonstrated by applicants and workplace violence are of great concern. In Canada, there are approximately 350,000 cases of workplace violence each year. Nearly 20% of these incidents involve assault, sexual assault, or robbery against the victim in the workplace. Recruiters and employers must take special precautions to obtain all relevant information about their applicants, including their employment history. Hiring the wrong employee not only damages a business; it can also be a violation of the law. In Canada, laws requiring organizations to conduct background checks on applicants and employees are becoming increasingly common.

3. Challenges of internal pre-employment screening


Background checks are becoming more common, but practices and policies vary from organization to organization. All companies can formulate background check programs and policies that meet their needs, so some may stick to employment confirmation or references. In contrast, others will require criminal record checks, education confirmation, credit checks, and social media searches.

Conducting pre-employment background checks in-house is a costly practice in terms of time and resources. While complicated for all organizations, it is particularly challenging for small and medium-sized businesses. Moreover, it requires specialized knowledge that most recruiters and hiring managers lack. In addition to conducting the actual screening, employers are also required to obtain formal written consent from their candidates, oversee the screening process and handle the relevant paperwork.

Looking for help?

Serving Brevard County, Brevard Background Check was set up to help businesses and other professional organizations carry out background checks on potential employees. Their team provides useful information for employers to make their final decision. They are highly proficient in fingerprinting services, drug testing, criminal record searches, employment background screening, electronic and cards scan, and more. They are also a mobile service provider and come to your place or business to provide our services. So, what are you waiting for? Give them a call or visit their website for more information on their services.

There’s something exciting about dyeing your hair a different color, whether you choose to do something dramatic and different or give your natural color a boost. People on a budget often turn to DIY methods to get the new look they want, but coloring your hair on your own doesn’t always give you the best results.

So without further ado, let’s find out the biggest benefits of having your hair color done by a professional. And if you’re looking to take care of your hair, check out JACSO Hair Salon. So, without further ado, let’s dive into this blog and learn some of the reasons to get your hair dyed by professionals.

1. Custom Color


If you have specific hair color in mind, you may not be able to find a box of hair dye that exactly meets your expectations. Instead of settling for a color that isn’t what you wanted, a professional can create a custom color that will meet your needs.

Professionals are not limited to the colors found on supermarket shelves. They have hundreds of different colors at their disposal, not to mention mixing two or three colors to create the perfect shade. Plus, if you want to achieve a specific look using multiple colors, it’s much easier for a professional to create the look you want than trying to separate and dye different strands on your own.

2. It’s safer for your hair

Store-bought dyes often contain many chemicals to help you dye your hair without additional products, and repeated use of these dyes can cause a lot of damage to your hair. Many people worry about their hair falling out if they use too many chemicals, and if you’re dyeing your hair from a box, that concern is justified. However, in a professional salon, it’s important to remember that your colorist is trained to produce a high-quality result and protect your hair during the process.

3. Your color is done correctly


People who have used DIY methods to color their hair in the past have most likely encountered a problem or two that results in less than ideal color. DIY hair color kits are often messy, and it’s not very easy to control where the color goes on your head, especially if you’re coloring your own hair.

When you go to a professional hair studio, you can rest assured that your hair is colored correctly. Instead of playing the guessing game of what your hair will look like when it’s dried and styled, you can be sure that your colorist knows what he or she is doing and can produce the desired results.

4. Professional hair color lasts longer

Many people like DIY hair dye kits because of their price. The dye boxes you buy in stores are usually quite affordable, making them a great option for those who want to try something new. That said, most at-home hair dye kits don’t last very long, and you may need to buy another one after a few weeks to keep your hair looking vibrant.

5. Having colored hair also means regular maintenance and a budget


As the hair grows back, coloring means essential touch-ups at the hairdresser. Count on a monthly appointment for the maintenance of the roots with classic dyeing, against one every 3 months for partial coloring techniques like highlights, balayage, or tie & dye. This means a certain annual cost. To maintain your roots, redo some highlights or revive the shine of your balayage; the time between two visits to your colorist and the rates are not the same. This is something to consider when deciding on a technique.

Looking for help?

Want to dye your hair? It is very tempting to do it yourself at home, but we recommend getting it done by a professional. JACSO Hair Salon is a professional mobile hair and beauty salon established in 2005. They offer a wide variety of beauty treatments, including nail care, waxing, massages, permanent/semi-permanent hair colouring, foil highlights/lowlights, braiding with synthetic hair added, bridal hair and makeup, etc.

You can rely on our highly skilled beauticians to create a stunning look for any occasion. They serve the region of Toorak. So, what are you waiting for? Give them a call or visit their website to book your next appointment.

Cosmetics: Which Active Ingredients for Which Skin Types


– Definition of a cosmetic product

– Different types of cosmetics

– Composition of cosmetic products

– Cosmetics: which active ingredients for which skin types?

– Substances to avoid in cosmetics

We use one or more cosmetic products daily to care for ourselves and our appearance. But we don’t always know what these products contain. Some organizations have developed labels and certifications to warn us about their use and composition.

Definition of a cosmetic product

“A cosmetic product is a substance or preparation intended to be placed in contact with the various superficial parts of the human body, such as the skin, hair, nails, lips or teeth, with a view, exclusively or mainly, to cleaning them, perfuming them, modifying their appearance, protecting them, keeping them in good condition or correcting their odors.”

Different types of cosmetics

There are several major cosmetics categories, which are subdivided into several subcategories. We distinguish mainly:

– hygiene and toiletry products: make-up removers, skin cleansing products, deodorants, shaving products;

– beauty care products: face and body scrubs, masks, facial creams, and other serums;

– sun care products: self-tanners, sun protection creams, etc.;

– hand and foot care products: nail polish, nail polish remover, and other treatment products;

– hair removal products: wax, depilatory creams, etc.;

– all make-up products: powders, foundations, lipsticks, etc.;

– hair care products: shampoos, conditioners, masks, hair coloring products, etc.;

– perfumes.

Composition of cosmetic products

Cosmetics - Which Active Ingredients for Which Skin Types

In addition to perfumes, most cosmetic products are emulsions: a mixture of water and oil, thanks to the presence of surfactants. They are thus composed, by order of importance:

– a hydrophilic phase: essentially water, glycerine, etc.;

– a lipophilic phase: a vegetable or mineral oil, i.e., from the petrochemical industry (petroleum jelly, kerosene, petroleum jelly oil), silicones, etc.;

– surfactants: molecules that act as a link between the fatty and aqueous parts of emulsions and which have foaming, antiseptic, detergent properties, etc.;

– active ingredients: substances of natural or synthetic origin chosen for their action on the various types of skin and skin problems;

– additives:

◦ preservatives: parabens, ethanol, sorbic acid;

◦ antioxidants that prevent the rancidity of the products: vitamins E and C (of natural origin), BHT and BHA (of synthetic origin);

◦ natural or synthetic colorants. These are grouped and cataloged in the Color Index (CI + 5 digits).

Cosmetics: which active ingredients for which skin types?

Comparison of active ingredients for different skin types




  • RETINOL (vitamin A)





Mature or preventive on all skin types.






Normal / Dehydrated skin.




Sensitive skin.

  • ZINC

  • CLAY




Oily / Combination skin.





Dry skin.

Substances to avoid in cosmetics

Manufacturers of cosmetic products are obliged to label the complete list of ingredients in descending order of concentration on their packaging. However, it is often difficult to find your way around. Here is a non-exhaustive list of substances to avoid:

– “Sodium palmate”: this is palm oil to be avoided because of its disastrous impact on the environment.

– Paraffin” and “Petrolatum”: kerosene and petroleum jelly are mineral hydrocarbons produced by distilling petroleum.

– Dimethicone” or “Methicone”: entirely synthetic silicones produced from silicon.

– Paraben: this preservative has been recognized as an endocrine disruptor and allergen, but beware, it is often replaced by “Methylisothiazolinone” (MIT), even more, harmful to health.

– Polyethylene Glycol”: these are all PEGs, which are highly polluting during production and potentially carcinogenic.

– Sodium Laureth Sulfate” and “Sodium Lauryl Sulfate”: foaming surfactants widely used in shampoos and shower gels, which cause itching, and irritation and are very allergenic.

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