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Lead-Based Paint: What Is It?

Lead paint consists of solvents and lead, a highly toxic and potentially carcinogenic metal. The ingestion of this paint can cause several diseases. It is most often present in old buildings both inside and outside (soil, doors, window frames, stairs, etc.)

What Are the Dangers of Lead Paint?

The absorbed lead is stored in the body (90% of the absorbed lead is stored in the bones) and can be released into the blood long after exposure to lead. Hence, the effects of lead poisoning often appear later in life.

In old buildings that have not been renovated, lead paint waste or flakes represent a real health hazard. If you breathe in or swallow these paint residues, lead settles in the liver, bone marrow, nervous system, and violently attack the metabolism.

Lead poisoning is irreversible for humans and animals. It is particularly severe among the elderly, pregnant women, and young children, where there are cases of renal failure, serious neurological damage, infertility, or cancer. Children can absorb about 40% of the lead they unintentionally ingest, while adults only absorb about 10%.

Repeated exposure to lead compounds may have behavioral effects as well. People who have had low long-term exposure to this substance may show mood changes. The impact of moderate exposure include problems with eye-hand coordination, longer reaction times, and reduced mental capacity.

Visual disturbances have also been observed in workers who have been overexposed for a period ranging from a few months to a few years. Symptoms range from minimal vision impairment to gradual decrease, followed by slow-healing or, in some cases, progressive development of blindness.

Some of the most common symptoms of lead poisoning include

  • Headache
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Joint pain

Other health effects can also be expected, such as a metallic taste in the mouth, vomiting, and constipation, or bloody diarrhea.

If lead paint is found on your home walls, it is mandatory to call professionals to carry out the work. They will first carry out assessments relating to the quantity of paint to be eliminated. Afterward, they will begin the job while being provided with the necessary protections to avoid breathing scales and waste paint, which can be highly toxic. The team at Action Hamzat Companies is skilled at removing lead-based paint from steel structures and concrete surfaces found throughout residential or commercial spaces while taking all necessary precautions. Contact them for more information!

Unknowingly, asbestos is present around us in various ways, be it in buildings or technical equipment. There is, therefore, still a significant risk of exposure to this dangerous fiber today. These risks are often linked to cleaning, repair, renovation, demolition of asbestos buildings or installations, unsafe removal of asbestos materials, and dumping of asbestos. Here are some dangers that asbestos poses to our health.

Asbestos fibers are very thin up to 2,000 times finer than a hair but relatively long. These can penetrate the lungs, stay there, and cause lesions. The fibers are bio-persistent (they tend to remain in biological organisms rather than being broken down or expelled) so they stay within the body and can, therefore, generate different diseases.

The Effects of Asbestos Depend on Various Factors:

  • The level or intensity of the exposure (the concentration of fibers in the air)
  • The amount of fiber inhaled
  • The duration of exposure
  • Frequency of exposures
  • The size and type of inhaled asbestos fibers
  • The time since the first exposure
  • The age

Asbestos-related diseases are either non-cancerous, such as asbestosis or fibrosis of the lungs, or cancerous, such as mesothelioma or lung cancer.

The fibers retained in the lungs can interact with tissues and cause inflammation of the lung and/or of the tissue, which envelops it, the pleura. These manifestations are very progressive and are not easily detected at an early stage.

Diseases Related to the Exposure of Asbestos

1) Asbestosis

Asbestosis is the most common disease. It is a pulmonary fibrosis caused by the intense and prolonged inhalation (10 to 20 years) of asbestos dust. It results in a progressive decrease in respiratory capacity. Severe cases can be fatal.

2) Lung Cancer

Lung cancer can appear after intensive exposure to asbestos. It takes a long time to declare itself: 20 to 30 years after the initial exposure. Lung cancer is not all linked to asbestos, with tobacco being most often involved.

3) Mesothelioma

It is a cancer of the pleura (outer covering of the lungs) or of the peritoneum (covering of the abdominal cavity). Mesothelioma is not linked to strong or long-term exposure and can develop even after low or short-term exposure. It can, therefore, strike outside the workplace. It takes a very long time to declare itself: 30 to 40 years after the exposure.

In the event of accidental exposure to large quantities of asbestos, a visit to a specialist (pulmonologist) is recommended.

If you need asbestos cleaning services, the team at Action Hamzat Companies can help you! Their handlers are licensed and trained to remove asbestos on acoustic ceilings, floor tiles, roofs, underground piping, etc. Do not hesitate to contact them!

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